Wednesday, June 3, 2009

Toenail Fungus Treatments

Toenail fungus infections are caused by fungi that live in dark and moist areas. Fungi are microscopic plants that do not need sunlight or fresh air. These plants are the cause of foot diseases such as athlete's foot and toenail fungus infection. Yeast and moulds are also part of this plant family and can also cause toenail fungus infection. The first step to toenail fungus remedies is proper detection and diagnosis. Don't wait for the nail to turn yellow, brown or black and in some cases green. The earlier it is diagnosed the better for it to receive proper treatment.

Once it is properly diagnosed, the doctor may prescribe either oral toenail fungus treatment or topical antifungal solution or creams or both. Oral antifungal medications are prescribed under strict supervision of the doctor. Before prescription, the blood is tested for liver function, heart diseases and skin sensitivity. Three kinds of oral toenail fungus remedies out in the market are Terbinafine (Lamisil), Itraconazole (Sporanox) and Flucozanole (Diflucan).

The most effective and widely used oral toenail fungus treatment is Terbinafine. It has been proven to have seventy to ninety percent effectiveness if prescription is followed. Terbinafine is a synthetic antifungal drug that dissolves in fats, oils and lipids and stores in fatty tissues, nails and skin. It is prescribed as a 250mg tablet or as a topical cream depending on need of the patient. In cases of toenail fungus infection, the tablet is usually prescribed, taken once a day for the period of six to twelve weeks. Although this drug is FDA approved, monitoring of liver functions is taken as a precaution for possible liver damage. The topical antifungal cream is used against fungus causing jock itch and athlete's foot.

Itraconazole and Flucozanole are synthetic drugs belonging to azole antifungal variety. These oral toenail fungus treatments are to be taken with food for better absorption. Dosage starts at 200mg capsules or tablets once daily for six to twelve weeks. There are cases where Itraconazole is taken intravenously but these cases are rare. Flucozanole is taken once weekly at a starting dosage of 300mg for the period of six to twelve weeks since it can stay for a longer period inside the body. These oral toenail fungus remedies have several side effects including abdominal pain, nausea, vomiting and rare but possible case of heart failure. Itraconazole is proven to be seventy to eighty percent effective for treating toenail fungus infections.

Most of the times, while taking the oral toenail fungus treatments, doctors still prescribe topical antifungal solution or cream to supplement the oral medication. Topical toenail fungus treatments with natural oils like tee tree oil are have antifungal agents that can help re-grow the infected nail's healthy appearance. Hygiene and proper foot care are still required to prevent spreading of the infection to other toenails or to other people. Always wear proper shoes or sandals that are breathable and change socks to prevent moisture buildup. Seclusion of towels, clippers and other personal hygiene materials is a must.

1 comment:

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